A Report on the Indian Ocean Tsunami of 2004

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2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami Enormous forces that had been building up deep within the earth for hundreds or perhaps thousands of years were suddenly released on December 26, 2004, unleashing the energy of 475,000 kilotons of TNT or 23,000 Hiroshima-sized atomic bombs. This event would come to be known as the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, and it would result in a death toll of 283,000, the deadliest tsunami in history. This report examines information surrounding how nature generates such a deadly phenomenon and its aftermath. Earthquake and Tsunami Facts The term "tsunami" was internationally adopted in 1963 to describe this phenomenon. The word is a combination of two Japanese characters, tsu (harbor) and nami (wave). Tsunamis may be mistakenly referred to as "tidal waves," a misnomer, since tides have nothing to do with tsunami formation. A tsunami is a series of ocean waves caused by a rapid and large-scale disturbance of the sea water. Most tsunamis are caused by earthquakes, but they may also be generated by volcanic eruptions, landslides, undersea slumps or meteor impacts ("NOAA reacts," 2004). The tsunami-causing earthquake lasted for three to four minutes, which is the actual rupture duration, that is, the time it took for the earthquake to happen on the fault and rupture its entire length. The length of time that people felt the shaking varied according to their distance from the fault, what type of bedrock they were on, what the
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