A Research Paper About Human Immunodeficiency Virus

6616 Words Sep 22nd, 2012 27 Pages
A Research about Human Immunodefiency Virus

I. HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a lentivirus responsible for gradually destroying the human immune system, and subjecting it to various invincible opportunistic infections. It is the most complex virus ever encountered by mankind. Many of its mysteries have been unleashed through persistent research and studies. While many, are yet to be revealed.

II. There are a lot of things to know about this virus.

A. History of HIV

The human immunodefiency virus (HIV) descended from the related simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), which infects apes and monkeys in Africa. Scientists had identified a type of chimpanzee in West-Central Africa as the source of the virus
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In 1984, a Canadian flight attendant died of AIDS because of his sexual connection to a number of the first victims of HIV/AIDS. It was assumed that he was responsible for introducing the virus into the general population. In the same year, Western scientists became aware that HIV/AIDS was widespread in parts of Africa. Also, the world’s first needle exchange program was set up in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
One of the first high profile victims of HIV/AIDS was Rock Hudson, an American gay actor who had been married and divorced earlier in life, who died on October 2, 1985 having announced that he was suffering from the virus on 25th of July that year. He had been diagnosed during 1984. A notable British casualty of HIV/AIDS that year was Nicholas Eden, a gay Member of Parliament and son of the late Prime Minister Anthony Eden.
In the same year, an HIV test was licensed for screening blood supplies. AIDS was found in China, and had therefore been seen in all regions of the world.
In 1986, more than 38,000 cases of HIV/AIDS have been reported from 85 countries. In 1987, AZT was approved as a drug used for treating HIV/AIDS. The next year, the American government conducts a national HIV/AIDS education campaign. Health ministers met to discuss AIDS and established the World AIDS Day. In 1990, around 8 million people were living with HIV worldwide.
The virus claimed perhaps its most famous victim yet on November 24, 1991, when British rock star…