A Research Study Into Juvenile Delinquency Essay

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“In the year ending March 2015 there were around 950,000 arrests… in England and Wales, of which 94,960 were of people aged 10-17 years” (MoJ, 2016) Youth offending is a broad term used to describe those showing signs of antisocial behaviour from as young as 10 in England and Wales. The study into juvenile delinquency came to the forefront of criminology when statistics highlighted that prevalence and incidence rates of offending are highest during adolescence. Crime rates in young people were shown to peak at age 17 and slowly begin to decrease after this; statistics highlighted a drop of 50% when individuals were in their early 20s (Moffitt, 1993, pp. 674-675). This is also known as the age-crime curve. A risk factor in criminology is defined as an event that predicts an increased probability of delinquency (Murray & Farrington, 2010, p.635). In regards to youth offending, there are many risk factors which show a positive correlation. Farrington et al. (2003, pp. 224-225) claims that criminal behaviour in youths can be caused due to a number of risk factors that take place before the age of 20. Individual, family, socioeconomic and peer factors were all shown to be significant, with particular focus on individual factors such as low intelligence and neurocognitive problems, as well as family risk factors such as childrearing methods and antisocial parenting. There are various individual risk factors that could influence juvenile delinquency; these factors occur solely to
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