A Research Study On Hot Spot Policing

2076 Words9 Pages
There have been numerous studies conducted on the state and federal level by universities and law schools on hot spot policing and the affects of community policing; however most of the studies conducted were to analyze if the hot spot policing moved the criminal activity out of the high crime area to the surrounding areas. Most of the studies examined the recidivism of crime in previously designated hot spot areas where certain policing techniques were utilized to gain compliance with the laws not the prevention of crime. Is the law enforcement technique known as hot spot policing being properly utilized to remove and deter criminal offenses in a specific area and keeping offenders from re-offending? Or is law enforcement not utilizing…show more content…
Keen and proactive police officers with an agency usually know which areas or places in their beat tend to be trouble spots. These officers are more aware and able to identify the signs of unusual activity in the neighborhoods, shops, and street corners they regularly patrol. They have usually been involved in numerous cases involving narcotics, weapons, and felony crimes and have had interactions with the offenders multiple times. While the beat patrol officers may know the areas from their boots on the ground perspective, law enforcement administrators utilize crime reporting software and mapping systems to identify these hot spots. While reporting software and mapping systems may not give the entire story reference crime in a certain area it does provide some foundation for an administration and give evidence to an area in need of hot spot policing. When an area has been identified as a “hot spot” law enforcement has a multitude of options to begin the corrective steps in the area. An experiment conducted in 2012 in Jacksonville, Florida by Bruce G. Taylor, Christopher S. Koper, and Daniel J. Wood was the first study to compare different hot spot enforcements techniques or applications in one study. One hot spot area received a more standard heavy presence of marked patrol cars otherwise known as a saturation detail and the other area was exposed to a problem-oriented policing technique
Open Document