A Research Study On Nutrition And Treatment Of Blood Glucose

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Today most people take for granted the amount of research, time, effort, and money that went into the development of medications or medical treatment. When someone reaches for the aspirin bottle to relieve a pounding headache or that lifesaving injection of insulin used daily to treat and manage levels of blood glucose are both the end results of long and costly research. Without research the awareness of vitamin deficiencies, treatments for cancer, organ transplantation, and vaccines for humans and animals would cease to exist. It all begins in the laboratory and the study of pathophysiology which looks at how living organism function and the effects certain disease. Basic research “bench studies” or preclinical research is performed…show more content…
(Grady, 2008) For example, after a new drug or medical device has been proven safe and effective and is available to the general population, it still has to be monitored by the FDA for any possible unknown safety concerns, negative side effects, and/or potential unsafe drug interactions. In figure 1, the timeline only represents clinical trial research and development. In some cases basic research “bench” studies could take decades and may never even result in a clinical trial or ending up “beside”. Figure 1. Timeline of Clinical trail research and development. From Public Health News Ethical dilemmas can present themselves and consideration of ethical principles happen at every step of the way of the research process. For example, during the Ebola outbreak in 2014 there were several vaccines that were still in the experimental phase, meaning they had only been tested in laboratories on animals and still needed clinical researched involving human subjects. Researchers are under a great deal of pressure to find a cure or treatment and encounter ethical dilemmas. The need for a vaccine is urgent, however, rushing the experimental clinical phases could put people at greater risks and potential harm which violates the principle of beneficence to do “no harm”. The researchers had to decide which human subjects out of a large population infected with the virus would receive the experimental
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