A Review On Organisational Theories

1677 WordsApr 13, 20177 Pages
BUS 5113 - Assignment Unit 1 - A review of organisational theories A review of organisational theories Craig Morley University of the People A review of organisational theories 1 In Chapter 2 of the Organizational Theory text we reviewed four theoretical contributions which are central to the understanding of today 's Organizations. Offer a brief analysis of all four theoretical concepts and then pick the one you the feel is the most influential from both historical and managerial perspectives. Explain. Now, consider how these concepts impacted the development of the current organizational theories. There are four schools of thought which offer a theoretical explanation of organisational task and performance: Scientific Management…show more content…
Mille Bindslev, Ventus Publishing, p30 A review of organisational theories 2 model of the early 20th Century. Like Ford 's industrial model, the Scientific Management School no longer holds sway in its field as a managerial ideology . 6 The Administrative Theory school, championed by Taylor 's contemporary Henri Fayol shared the process-driven approach of the Scientific Management School, but instead focused on administrative efficiency . The focus was on ensuring an organisation had the 7 right structure: a top-down pyramidal hierarchy to ensure coordination, and work teams to specialise on particular activities . The model has been subject to criticisms of 8 over-simplification . For example, the emphasis on structures at the expense of ensuring 9 organisational alignment to goals. Max Weber 's Bureaucracy Model encompasses a wider realm than Taylor or Fayol 's models, covering social and historical perspectives, and drawing on Weber 's reputation as the leading light in the field of sociology . Weber defined bureaucracy as "a specific 10 administrative structure, which is based on a legal and rule-oriented authority." This 11 included many elements of Fayol 's Administrative Theory, but also covers goals, means, and side-effects.12 Weber 's model forms the basis of many structural analyses, covering: strategy; structure; activities and implementation; and results. In essence, structure translating and 13 mobilising the strategy . This
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