A Review of Effects of Songs With Prosocial Lyrics on Prosocial Thoughts, Affect, and Behavior

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Overview
Greitemeyer, T. (2009). Effects of songs with prosocial lyrics on prosocial thoughts, affect, and behavior. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45(1), 186-190.

The purpose of the research study Effects of songs with prosocial lyrics on prosocial thoughts, affect, and behavior, was to examine the research question, Does exposure to prosocial media promote prosocial outcomes? The study attempts to determine the predictive validity of a previous construct known as the General Learning Model, a theoretical model of the effects and consequences of playing video games (as cited in Greitemeyer, 2009).
The authors note that previous research on the effects of media and behavior has exclusively focused on aggressive media
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These were measured by operational definitions within the nominal categories of prosocial (relative to neutral) and neutral. The dependent variables were the thoughts, feelings and behaviors of the respondents. The results of all three experiments supported their respective hypothesis. The first experiment supported the hypothesis that listening to songs with prosocial content increased prosocial thoughts. The second experiment supported the hypothesis that exposure to songs with prosocial lyrics fostered interpersonal empathy. Lastly, the third experiment supported the hypothesis that listening to songs with prosocial lyrics increased helping behavior (Greitemeyer, 2009).
Methods
The participants for all three experiments were taken from a sample pool of college students from Ludwig-Maximilians University in Munich Germany. In addition, a pilot study was conducted before the three experiments were executed and utilized the same sample pool. The pilot study consisted of two pre-tests, which consisted of 40 participants. There were 28 women and 12 men for the first pre-test, and 39 women, 11 men for the second pre-test. In this study, no other participant characteristics were given besides gender. In each of the experiments in this study, the participants listened to two songs from each condition. Each condition
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