A Revolution In Abraham Lincoln And The Second American Revolution

1489 Words6 Pages
History is a constant cycle of causes and events and how it affects society. Historians analyze the different perceptions of certain historical events. Different Historians will interpret a certain event in different ways. In this instance, James McPherson argues that the American Civil War is the Second American Revolution and that its leader Abraham Lincoln was not a revolutionary or conservative but something more. Throughout Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution, he presents his own argument and gives counterarguments and then he rebuttals the counterarguments with facts that highlight the event as a revolutionary event and that Lincoln was a “conservative revolutionary” (McPherson 41). However, while reading, this question pops up: what exactly is a revolution? Based off of taking many history classes and from a personal stance, a revolution is an uprising of a group of people against what that group of people perceives as unfair and thus that group of people wants to see a change in the way that the specific system works. McPherson defines the word revolution as “the overthrow of the existing social and political order by internal violence” (16). His definition is accurate in the aspect that it is the “overthrow” of “social and political order” that existed in a government. McPherson’s definition, however, has not always been true if one was to look at other historical revolutions. Yes, many revolutions did indeed have “internal violence” in order
Open Document