A Room of Ones Own by Virginia Woolf Essay

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Virginia Woolf, a founder of Modernism, is one of the most important woman writers. Her essays and novels provide an insight into her life experiences and those of women of the 20th century. Her most famous works include Mrs. Dalloway (1925), To the Lighthouse (1927), Orlando: A Biography (1928), The Waves (1931), and A Room of One's Own (1929) (Roseman 11).

A Room of One's Own is an based on Woolf's lectures at a women's college at Cambridge University in 1928. Woolf bases her thoughts on "the question of women and fiction". In the essay, Woolf asks herself the question if a woman could create art that compares to the quality of Shakespeare. Therefore, she examines women's historical experience and the struggle of the woman artist.
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After doing some research she finds so little data about the everyday lives of women that she makes up their existence imaginatively. She thinks about the successful women novelists of the 19th century and reflects on the importance of tradition to an aspiring writer (Woolf 23). Woolf uses fiction to replace gaps in the factual record to stand up to the biases.

Fernham represents the institution of the women's college. The founding of the women's college involved a discouraging effort to raise enough financial and political support. Male universities have been continually and generously supported for centuries.
So why have women always been so poor? She thinks about how different things would have been "if only Mrs. Seton and her mother and her mother before her had learnt the art of making money and had left" it for the education of their daughters (Woolf 22). Law and custom stopped those women from having any legal property rights at all; they were themselves considered property.

Woolf's thesis is that "a woman must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction." These are the basic material and social conditions in which achievement becomes possible (Roseman 17). She hopes to settle the problem of women and fiction objectively, rejecting that women are naturally inferior to men. Woolf frequently returns to the material details of the situations: the food that was eaten, money that was spent, comfort of the
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