A Short Note On Diabetes And Diabetes Mellitus

1545 Words Feb 26th, 2016 7 Pages
Diabetes is a disease that plagues many individuals, causes adverse health problems, and if left uncontrolled can lead to premature death. Diabetes Mellitus is characterized by unstable glucose levels and has 3 different forms: Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, and Gestational Diabetes. This research paper will focus on Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease in which insulin is not produced sufficiently or non-existing within the pancreas, causing an increase in the bodies blood glucose levels (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2014). Gestational diabetes mellitus is when a pregnant woman develops insulin resistance during pregnancy; generally, women return to normal glucose levels after pregnancy, but are at an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Hyperglycemia, when sugar cannot enter cells, can lead to an energy deficiency causing other organs to shut down and not work properly. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the diabetes mellitus and has the most modifiable risk factors. Type 2 diabetes is a common chronic condition that affects many Hispanics within Yakima Valley, WA and San Diego, CA. This chronic disease is becoming a global pandemic. According to the Office of Minority Health (2015), Hispanic Americans are 1.7 times more likely to have diabetes than a Caucasian American. More than half of the perceived cases of diabetes go undiagnosed within this ethnic group as well, due to a number of factors that can be…
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