A Short Note On Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes

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DIABETES MELLITUS 1 Emily Marroquin MED 2056 Diabetes Mellitus Instructor Michela Leytham 12/3/14 DIABETES MELLITUS 2 In 2012 29.1 million Americans had diabetes of those 29.1 million, 21.0 million were diagnosed and 8.1 million were undiagnosed. What is diabetes mellitus, a deficiency of the pancreatic hormone insulin which results in a failure to metabolize starch and sugars. There are two types of Diabetes, Type 1 which is absolute insufficiency of insulin and Type 2 is when the pancreas does not secrete enough insulin. The pathophysiology of Type 1 diabetes, manifests as a result of the body’s immune system attacking the insulin producing beta cells of the pancreas, a lack of insulin in the blood causes inadequate amount of glucose to be taken up by the cells which provides energy for cellular function. The pathophysiology of Type 2 diabetes occurs when there is a diminished ability of cells to respond to the action of insulin in transporting glucose from the bloodstream into muscle and other tissues this is called insulin resistance this develops with overweight. According to Palo Alto Medical Foundation (2014) “Diabetes can go silently undetected for a long time without symptoms. Many people first become aware that they have
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