A Short Note On Hepatitis And Its Effects

737 WordsAug 14, 20143 Pages
HEPATITIS A: It is a liver infection caused by Hepatitis A virus which is highly contagious. Hepatitis A viruses cause the disease termed hepatitis A. Hepatitis A virus can be transmitted to others by contaminated stools (feces), foods prepared by an infected person, contaminated water, and close personal contact (for example, touching hands, sex), with an infected person but not by sneezing ,cough, hugging (without skin contact) or by being near an infected person. Hepatitis A diagnosed by commonly available blood tests .once Hepatitis A is affected you cannot get it again. Most of the people infected with Hepatitis A recover completely. Hepatitis A infection never causes a long-term (chronic) infection. Symptoms of Hepatitis A: 1. Weakness 2. Fever 3. Loss of appetite 4. Vomiting 5. Joint aches and Pains 6. Fatigue 7. Jaundice (dark urine, pale-colored feces, skin and yellowish eyes. 8. Diarrhea 9. In blood stream bile is removed and excreted through urine Structure: The hepatitis A virus is a Picorna virus. Picorna virus is non-enveloped and contains a single-stranded RNA packaged in a protein shell. And it is having only one serotype of the virus. But multiple genotypes exist. Testing for Hepatitis A: The time between exposure to the virus and the development of symptoms that is incubation period varies from 15 to 50 days, with an average of 30 days. Hepatitis A virus is excreted for up to two weeks before the onset of symptoms. Therefore, people with hepatitis A should
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