A Short Note On Hypertension And Secondary Hypertension

925 WordsJul 26, 20154 Pages
The reason why I selected to do my paper on hypertension is, hypertension is very common. About 70 million people in the United States have hypertension (High Blood Pressure Frequently Asked Questions , 2015). Another reason why I selected to write my paper on hypertension is I want to know why it is called the silent killer. I also want to know why it affect African Americans the most. Hypertension is defined as a blood pressure reading of 140/90mmHg (millimeters of mercury) or above. Blood pressure is the force blood exerts against your artery walls as it circulates through your body. When the left ventricle contract and expels blood into the aorta the pressure on the artery wall is called the systolic pressure. The more blood exerts on the artery wall the higher the blood pressure is. When the aortic valve close, avoiding blood from flowing back into the heart and the arteries readjust themselves is called diastolic pressure. When the heart is relaxed the pressure is at its lowest. The two kind of hypertension are primary hypertension and secondary hypertension. Primary hypertension develop over many years and there is no known cause for it. Primary hypertension can be influenced by diet, heredity, obesity, stress, smoking and age (staff, 2015). Primary hypertension cannot be cured, but it can be controlled sometimes through diet, exercise, stress management, and medications. Secondary hypertension is caused by underlying condition such as obstructive sleep apnea, kidney
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