A Short Note On Immune Responses Against Cmv Essay

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Immune responses against CMV in AIDS patients



According to WHO there are 35 million people globally who are affected with HIV and one in seven people are unaware of being infected. Therefore it becomes an increasingly important concern to target and cure this epidemic on a global scale. That is not the end of the story though; immunocompromised individuals are even more susceptible to opportunistic HIV infections. These pathogens, which come in different varieties such as bacteria, viruses, protozoans and fungi slowly, deteriorate the host by mounting an immense attack causing HIV induced malignancies.
Toxoplasmosis, tuberculosis, candidiasis, cytomegalovirus and squamous cell carcinoma are few examples of the various opportunistic HIV infections.
Keywords: HIV, opportunistic HIV infection, toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus

The human immunodeficiency virus can be transmitted through unprotected sex with someone who is infected, from a mother to her baby during pregnancy and breastfeeding or at birth, sharing of unsterilized equipment that has been used by someone who is previously infected such as needles and also transfusion of contaminated blood, semen or skin grafts.
When this virus attacks the host it causes the immune system to be down-regulated, therefore allowing for faster replication and dissemination of the viral genome. The different methods prevalent to curb the virus are

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