A Short Note On Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

2606 Words Mar 13th, 2015 11 Pages
Case Study Topic
NUTR 48100 MNT II
Kelly Anderson
March 25, 2015

INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
Introduction
This patient was recently diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. This patient hopes to lose weight, manage diabetes, and prevent complications due to his diabetes. This newly diagnosed patient must be educated on how to manage glucose levels and how to properly alter his lifestyle.
Background
In the year 2000, 177 million people were diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. The World Health Organization expects this number to jump to 370 million in 2030. Compared to Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is far more common. Approximately 90% of all diabetes diagnoses are Type 2. More Westernized countries tend to have a higher prevalence of Type 2 diabetes. This is due to the calorically dense diets and limited physical activity that is commonly seen in these parts of the world. Type 2 diabetes is also more common in people 40 years or older, especially those who are overweight or obese. Type 2 diabetes is considered to be caused by mostly environmental or genetic factors. The environmental factors include a lack of physical activity, excessive intake, stress, aging, and being overweight or obese. The genetic factors consist of insulin secretion impairment or insulin resistance.1 Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, or non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, is typically identified in patients by the insulin resistance or failure of the beta-cells.2 These patients…
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