A Single Case Study Using Cognitive Behavioral Techniques to Quit Smoking

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A Single Case Study Using Cognitive-Behavioral Techniques to Quit Smoking

Cigarette smoking is a leading public health issue worldwide and has a negative impact on the health of millions of individuals each year (American Cancer Society, 2007). The health related effects from cigarette smoking include cancer, hypertension, stroke, and cardiovascular disease. Moreover, cigarette smoking is an addictive behavior (American Psychological Association [APA], 2000). Millions of people attempt to quit smoking and fail (American Cancer Society, 2007). Cognitive Behavioral Therapy/Treatment (CBT) is a problem focused method of therapy that assists people in identifying and changing dysfunctional beliefs, thoughts, emotions, and patterns of behavior that present problems for them. The underlying principle behind CBT is that thoughts affect one's emotions which in turn influence a person's behaviors. CBT is a type of psychotherapy that combines two very effective kinds of psychotherapeutic techniques: cognitive therapy and behavioral therapy (Perkins, Conklin, & Levine, 2007). Cognitive therapy focuses on the person's patterns of thinking, beliefs, and assumptions. Cognitive therapy encourages people to recognize and change faulty thinking patterns and allows them to gain a sense of mastery over repetitive thoughts that often drive unwanted patterns of behavior (Beck, 1995). For example, a person may experience stress in the course of their daily activities and the repetitive

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