A Sociological Conspective : A Sociological Perspective On Human Behavior
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A sociological perspective, is a perspective on human behaviour that is connected to society as a whole. It invites us to look for the connections between the behaviour of individuals and the structures of the society in which they live.(Appendix 1) The functionalist perspective also called functionalism, is one of the earliest and major theoretical perspective in sociology. It has its origins in the works of Emile Durkheim (1958-1917) who was especially interested in how social order is possible or how society remains relatively stable. It is a theory that focuses on the macro-level of social structure, rather than the micro level of everyday life.
Within functionalist theory, the different parts of society are composed of social institutions, each which are designed to fill different needs, and each has particular consequences for the form and shape of society. The parts depend on each other. The core institutions defined by sociology and which are important to understand for this theory includes: family, government, media, education and religion. According to functionalism, an institution only exists because it serves a vital role in functioning of society. If it no longer serves a role, an institution will die away. When new needs emerge, new institutions will be created to meet them.
Functionalism interprets each part of the society in terms of how it contributes to the stability of the whole society. Society is more than the sum of its parts each part of society is