A Southwestern Indian Culture Among Us Today: The Hopi Indians

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A Southwestern Indian Culture Among Us Today: The Hopi Indians



Did you know that the Ancient Indian people of the Southwestern United States have dated back to the year 10,000 BC? First appearing toward the end of the last Ice Age, they were the first “Americans.” (Noble, 1998) When Christopher Columbus arrived in the America’s in 1492 and seeing the people of this land for the first time, he thought that he had landed in India, thus giving them the name “Indians.” (Noble, 1998) However, he was nowhere near India, or that region of the world. Because the Ancient Indians were nomadic people, (people who wondered the lands with no permanent home) through the years they developed, separated, and re-located their clans, developing
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The corn also required the daily attention of watering, weeding, and protecting the plants from dessert wildlife. Animals such as rabbits, deer, birds, and even some rodents would eat and destroy the crops if left unprotected. As the Anasazi’s skills grew, so did their crops. They soon began to grow crops of beans, squash, and cotton with techniques that included canal irrigation and handmade tools. Some of the canals dug by the ancient Indians are still in use today. They received modernization and re-dug to accommodate the needs of modern use. Even with all their advanced skills, the Anasazi soon disappeared. Studies have shown that the Anasazi people lived for approximately two thousand years. Possible reasons of their disappearance might include drought, declining resources such as food and water, and disease.
The Sinaqua Indians appeared after the disappearance of the Anasazi. The Sinaqua arrived about 1300 years ago and lived for about six hundred years. In Spanish, the word Sinaqua means without water. “Harold S. Colton, the scientist who identified this culture, called the Sinaqua when he noticed how arid the country was around some of their sites.” (Noble, 1998) Many Hopi of today believe that their ancestors once lived in the Sinaqua pueblos (adobe dwellings or houses made from a mud mixture) in Northern Arizona. Montezuma’s Castle and Tuzigoot are both surviving dwellings…

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