A Status on the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program in the Philippines

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Ateneo School of Government Master in Public Management Public Governance and the Bureaucracy The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program: Addressing poverty from the Ground up Introduction Even before the Spanish colonization of the Philippines in the 1500s, lands in the Philippines have always been controlled by a few of families. The Datus and Sultans ruled over massive areas of lands, as power social status was dictated by the size of the land one owned and the number of slaves who worked on them. The arrival of the Spaniards set the formalization of a feudalistic management of these lands. Large Haciendas were established and control of these lands were given to the Spanish colonizers and the Filipino families who pledged their…show more content…
The sugar plantations of the Cojuancos, on the other hand, were barely touched and even expanded over the years. Just like the Hacienda Luisita farmers, the land beneficiaries of the Negros sugar plantation were offered SDOs instead of the land itself. It has been argued by many stakeholders that the SDOs benefitted the land owner more than the farmers themselves. There are also incidences of violence in the haciendas of Negros. Hacienda Naval located in Himamaylan, which is owned by the Javellana family, has had numerous confrontations between the land owner and the beneficiaries. It was reported that the private army of the Javellanas has prevented the land beneficiaries from taking over the lands which were subjected to agrarian reform. The Goal and the Purpose of Agrarian Reform It has been established that the primary goal of the CARP is to ensure and promote the welfare of landless farmers and farm workers. Likewise, it can be deducted that the supplemental purpose of agrarian reform is the elevation of social justice and equity, thus reducing social inequality and addressing the problem of structural poverty especially in the rural areas. In the case of Negros Island, this has not yet been achieved and it would seem that they are no closer to it today than they were twenty years ago. The Outputs With the goal and purpose established, the main output that agrarian reform should produce is the proper
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