A Student Nurse's Bibliography on Pneumonia

1673 WordsMar 30, 20077 Pages
"A Student Nurse 's Bibliography on Pneumonia" Early Intervention for the Pneumonia Patient: An Emergency Department Triage Protocol Preventing Nosocomial Pneumonia I. Background/Rationale Pneumonia is a respiratory disease that causes an inflammation of the lung parenchyma commonly caused by microbial agents such as Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae. The disease is acquired through inhalation of the microorganism in respiratory droplets, as well as aspiration of secretions in the upper gastrointestinal tract that contains bacteria capable of causing pneumonia. It can be categorized into community-acquired pneumonia and hospital-acquired pneumonia. The main difference between the two is the length of time it…show more content…
The researchers then hypothesized that consistent oral care would definitely decrease the incidence of hospital-acquired pneumonia and added the fact that it might also improve the patient 's nutritional intake. They then implemented an oral care protocol that is to be delivered at certain times to the intervention group. The groups were not only divided into control and intervention groups but were also classified under 3 categories: ventilated patients and those with an artificial airway, high-risk patients and low-risk patients. The oral care protocol was initiated upon admission and continued until discharge and data was collected by means of retrospective chart reviews following discharge. IV. Findings The difference between community-acquired and hospital-acquired pneumonia is that most of the time hospital-acquired pneumonia occurs due to lack of competent nursing care. Community-acquired pneumonia may only be prevented with health education about the prevention of acquiring pneumonia while the hospital-acquired type is prevented with appropriate and prompt nursing interventions. Therefore, the focus of care that the nurse in the hospital provides differs. Early treatment to improve patient outcomes is more appropriate for community-acquired pneumonia since the patient arrives at the hospital with the possibility of having the disease already.

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