A Study Of History Coupled With Kuhn 's Model For Scientific Revolutions

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Delbruck’s application of science to the study of history coupled with Kuhn’s model for scientific revolutions sheds light on the German High Command’s inability to adapt its strategy during World War I. To begin, Kuhn’s model addresses how scientists arrive at new knowledge from periodic revolutions or “paradigm shifts.” “Normal science” is research based on achievements where established rules and standards leave little disagreement among practitioners concerning the fundamentals. Consequently, problem solving uses a predetermined solution that generally fails to account for anomalies. Scientists become aware of this, yet they hold on to the existing theory. This continues until the theory weakens and other possibilities are considered. At a given point, crisis occurs which might initiate a scientific revolution. Once the revolution occurs, the new paradigm often requires rewriting texts on the subject area. Comparatively, Delbruck’s use of various scientific methodologies resulted in new ideas offering new explanations concerning historical events. Delbruck traced the evolution of tactics by checking facts and taking note of anomalies where he reconstructed battles from the Persian Wars to those of Napoleon. Delbruck then connected the character and design of the state with the tactics and strategy it employed. Discovering that warfare differed from one era to the next, his studies overturned many common interpretations of historical events. With that, Delbruck
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