A Study On Breast Cancer

2075 Words9 Pages
Breast cancer is a disease that starts when an abnormal, uncontrolled cell growth occurs in the tissues of the breast. In a healthy body, cells grow, divide, and die in an orderly way, but once a damage or a mutation happens in the genetic material of the cell (which is found in the DNA) it results in cells that do not die. They continue to grow and divide uncontrollably and form abnormal cells that the body does not need. They can also metastasize, which means they invade other tissues through the bloodstream or lymph vessels. In contrast, in normal cells, when DNA is damaged the cell either repairs the damage or dies (Sudhakar 2009). Breast cancer has been known to mankind since the time of the ancient Egyptians, and there have been numerous theories throughout history. It was first mentioned as a bulging tumor that had no cure in the Ebers Papyrus (texts written on papyrus that included medical practices in ancient Egypt). In 460 B.C. Hippocrates described breast cancer as an humoral disease that was caused by the excess of black bile. Thereafter, in 1680, Francois de la Boe Sylvius suggested that the cancer came from a chemical process that transformed lymphatic fluids from acidic to acrid (Sudhakar 2009). In 1757, Henri Le Dran suggested that surgical removal of the tumor and infected lymph nodes of the armpits could help treat breast cancer. By the 19th century, surgery was still the only available option for breast cancer and the development of antiseptic,

More about A Study On Breast Cancer

Get Access