A Study On Cystic Fibrosis

1843 Words Sep 30th, 2015 8 Pages
Cystic fibrosis, a genetic disease that limits one’s ability to breathe, affects mostly the lungs but also can have a damaging effect on the intestine, kidneys, liver, and pancreas. The name cystic fibrosis comes from the characteristic fibrosis and cysts that form within the pancreas. It is a life-threatening illness, which afflicts around 30,000 people in the United States and about 70,000 worldwide, with approximately 1,000 new cases being diagnosed each year and more than 75 percent of those people being diagnosed by the age of two. Nearly half of the cystic fibrosis population is over 18 years of age, and the life expectancy is between 37 to 50 years old. The ailment, commonly referred to as CF, is a recessive disease, so both parents must have the trait in order for it to occur, and more than 10 million Americans carry one of the many CF gene mutations but are unaware of it. One in four children born to parents who are carriers of the recessive gene is diagnosed with cystic fibrosis each year, and one in two children born to carriers of the disease will be a carrier themselves but not contract the disease. A variety of factors, such as age at the time of diagnosis, can affect each individual 's quality of life and progression of the disease as a whole, and death in 80% of the cases is due to lung problems resulting from the disease. The disease is most common among people of northern European descent and occurs less commonly in African-Americans and Asians. Various…

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