A Study On Diabetes And Insulin Dependent Diabetes

1776 Words8 Pages
Type 1 diabetes, previously known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is primarily a disease of the young given its peak incidence age of 10-12 years for girls and 12-14 years for boys. This disease can actually occur at any age, but most patients are diagnosed before the age of 20 years. Type1diabetes refers to cell-mediated autoimmune destruction of the pancreatic beta islet cells, which leads to insulin deficiency. The immune system mistakenly sees the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas as foreign and destroys them. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches, and other foods into energy needed for daily life. Insulin serves as “key” to open your cells, to allow sugar to enter and with out insulin, the sugar stays and builds up in the blood resulting in the body’s cells to starve from lack of glucose. Type 2 diabetes, previously known as non-insulin dependent diabetes or adult-onset diabetes, is most common and different from type 1 diabetes. It’s diagnosed in mainly older adults. Type 2 diabetes occurs from the body’s inability to respond to insulin normally. Most people with type 2 diabetes can still produce insulin, unlike people with type 1 diabetes, but not enough to meet the body’s needs. Type 2 diabetes is associated more with insulin resistance rather than lack of insulin, as seen with type 1 diabetes. This often is obtained as a hereditary tendency from one of the parents. Insulin levels are usually normal or higher than
Open Document