A Study On Infant Mother Attachment

1493 WordsSep 16, 20156 Pages
Infant-mother attachment was first proposed by Bowlby (1958) and was further explored by Ainsworth and Bell (1970) in a Strange Situation study where they categorized infant-mother attachment into three which are secure, avoidant and ambivalent. In this context, attachment can be defined as an interaction between a child and a mother which implies affections that is observable through the act of the child to seek for proximity or contact with the mother (Dallaire & Weinraub, 2005). Nevertheless, this attachment study did not end after this finding. Instead, many researchers replicate this measures, trying to figure out whether attachment change after the first year of life and the differences of infants and adults attachment styles. Strange Situation is a laboratory procedure experiment where a dyad of a mother and her one year old child was placed in a room at a time with a stranger. Infants were encouraged to explore the room that was filled with toys. The three stages involved in the Strange Situation were exploratory, separation and reunion episodes. It was found that infants’ exploratory behaviour were at the highest with the presence of the mother. However, the absence of the mother will then discouraged exploration and thus, they will seek for reunion with the mother. Based on this observation, infant-mother attachment were put into categorization where infants that follow the expectations of Strange Situation has a Type B or a secure-based attachment. Meanwhile,
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