A Study On Nigeria 's Population Essay

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LITERATURE REVIEW:

2.1. Introduction
Nigeria’s population is about 173.6 million people, this is on a survey carried out by the World Bank (World Bank data bank 2013). The average population density according to (UNDP, 2012 Revision) is approximately 173 persons per square kilometre, making Nigeria one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Though Lagos the former capital is the smallest state in Nigeria in terms of land mass with an area of 356,861 hectares but currently, it possesses the highest population which is over 17.5million as at 2006 census, (this is from parallel count conducted by the state during the national population census). With a projected growth rate of about 3.2%, the population of Lagos could be said to be over 21 million. (Population- Lagos State Government, 2014)
Further analysis shows that Metropolitan Lagos, has an area covering of about 37% of the land area of the present Lagos State which accommodates over 85% of the State’s population. Hence the population growth is projected to be 600,000 per annum with a population density of about 4,193 persons per sq. km.
The average density of persons living per square kilometer in the built-up areas of metropolitan Lagos is about 20,000 persons and the current demographic trend analysis shows 8% population growth rate for Lagos state which in turn represent 36.8% of entire Nigerian urban population that was estimated by the World Bank report of 1996 to be 49.8 million people.
Therefore with
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