A Study On Sickle Cell Anemia

868 Words Apr 2nd, 2015 4 Pages
Sickle Cell Anemia
The gene or chromosome that is affected?
The haemoglobin atom has combine parts: an alpha and a beta. Patients with reference to sickle cell suffering take on a variation in a gene on chromosome 11 that codes for the beta subunit of the haemoglobin protein.

As an answer, hemoglobin molecules don 't display suitably, causing red blood cells to be stiff and take on a concave shape (like a sickle used to trim wheat). These adequate shaped cells get hooked in the blood vessels and are unable to transport oxygen effectively, causing pain and damage to the organs.
What causes Sickle Cell Disease?
Sickle Cell disease is a blood disorder that is inherited from both parents. This disorder is more usual in certain ethnic groups: African Americans, Arabs, Greeks, Italians, Latin and Native Americans. Normal red blood cells are very adjustable and are circular in appearance, there flexibility and shape allow them to journey freely through small blood vessels called capillaries. The red blood cells develop into crescent or sickle shaped and also become inflexible. The abnormal cells attach inside the capillaries closing blood flow to vital organs.

Symptoms experienced by a sufferer of the condition?
Sickle cell anemia is a disease passed down through families in which red blood cells form an abnormal crescent shade red blood cells are normally shaped like a disc. Sickle Cell anemia symptoms usually don 't occur until aged four months, almost all patients with…

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