A Study On Type 2 Diabetes

1398 Words6 Pages
Type 2 Diabetes
Samantha Cilione
Oregon Institute of Technology

Type 2 diabetes, the body doesn’t know how to use the very little insulin the pancreas produces if it produces any at all. While there is a rare possibility to have Type 1 diabetes but, that it is a genetic disease where the pancreas produces little to no insulin causing the person to have to manually inject insulin. Since Type 2 diabetes is more of a controllable disease and know to be a “lifestyle” disease a person does not have to be on medication their whole life but they do have to take drugs orally that affect the glucose levels. Type 2 diabetes usually accompanies obesity and results from insulin resistance coupled with insufficient insulin secretion. When we ate
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CDC reported in the 2014 National Diabetes Statistic Reports the 21.0 million of people were diagnosed with diabetes but 8.1 million people are undiagnosed. That is 27.8% of the of the total population that have diabetes. There are 15.5 million men and 13.4 million women who have diabetes. 11.2 million of them are older than 65 years old. Hispanics are at 12.8 percent who were 20 years or older, Non-Hispanic blacks were 13.2 and the highest was American Indians/ Alaska Natives at 15.9 percent (2014). The Office of Disease and Prevention and Health Promotion stated that people of minority are more likely to have type 2 diabetes. The graph below shows us the population with diabetes among different ages and ethnicity:

Sources: Harris, M., Flegal, K., Cowie, C., et al. Prevalence of diabetes, impaired fasting glucose, and impaired glucose intolerance in U.S. adults: The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1998-1994. Diabetes Care 21 (4):518-524, 1998. Indian Health Service, national outpatient database. American Indian are about 5 times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes that whites. According to NSH, risk factors of type 2 can include the age, genetics and weight. Ethic groups as such as South Asian, Chinese, African- Caribbean or Black African tend to be developing diabetes by the age of 25. People who are Caucasian tend to have high risk factors after the age of 40. If someone within the family

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