A Study of Climate Change Adaptation Practices and Their Implementations

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A study of Climate change adaptation practices and their implementations.

1) Introduction-
A series of reports issued by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in the Nineties conclusively linked increasing climate variability as a consequence of human actions resulting in increasing quantities of Green House Gases in the environment.
These reports led to a call for international action and thus the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was established in 1994. The Framework envisaged two main strategies to tackle climate change-
• Mitigation- processes involving reducing the output of green house gases
• Adaptation-methods used to cope with climate change
1.1) The need for Adaptation-
Mitigation
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The Sunderbans, located in West Bengal, have been particularly susceptible to typhoons arising from the Bay of Bengal. Farmers have relied on embankments to segregate saline sea water from engulfing their soil but the devastation caused by Typhoon Aila in 2009 destroyed approximately 900 kms of embankment thus salinating many miles of agricultural land. This prompted Kolkata NGO, Society for Environment and Development (ENDEV) to look into introducing strains of paddy rice which were resistant to saline water and soil thus providing farmers a lifeline to their crop yield.
ENDEV activists took a year to identify five indigenous salt resistant seeds :
• Hamilton
• Talmugur
• Nona bokra
• Lal getu
• Sada getu
The NGO then collaborated with five other organisations in the Sunderbans to propagate the new seeds. The harvest observed after subsequent planting of these seeds was satisfactory despite the late monsoons in 2012.
Citation- (Ghosh, 2013)

4) Case Study ‘B’: Radio as a means of climate change education in Bundelkhand through the ‘Shubh Kal’ project.
Azadpura village in the Indian district
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