A Study on Leibniz's Philosophy of Mind

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According to Liebniz, "perception and consciousness cannot possibly be explained mechanically, and, hence, could not be physical processes," (Kulstad, 2007). Liebniz's philosophy of mind point of view contrasts directly with that of modern science, which can easily reduce the phenomena of mind to the brain. We might think that the mind is not identical to the brain if we ascribe to a metaphysical perspective like that of Liebniz. There are human experiences that cannot be reduced to materialism alone. Altered states of consciousness due to psychedelic drugs, dreams, meditation, and hypnosis are some of the examples of experiences that deny the materialistic viewpoint that mind equals brain. We might, on the other hand, think that the brain gives way to the illusion that a mind exists. In fact, the prevailing social norm of scientific realism suggests that any experience or phenomenon that cannot be explained by observation or experiment cannot be presumed to be spiritual in nature. There is amble physical evidence in the form of neuroscience and neurobiology that shows that emotions, cognitions, memories, and other attributes of the mind are actually stored or have origins in the brain. There is, furthermore, no proof of any survival of the soul after death and no proof that there even exists the individual self. Some philosophical traditions like Buddhism and Hinduism might even ironically coincide with the scientific perspective that the brain gives rise to the mind.
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