A Study on Student´s Self-Control and Self-Concept Essay

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This study focuses on college students’ self-control and self-concept and their relationship to persistence and achievement within Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) related majors. The literature on STEM indicates that women and minorities are less likely to enroll and continue in STEM related majors, causing an attainment gap between white males and women and minority students (ASHE Higher Education Report, 2011). Due to the importance and research dedicated to STEM education I seek to examine the consistent lack of persistence in students continuing with STEM majors and to examine the gaps in enrollment between white males and female and minority students.
The main purpose in conducting this study is to
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First, I focus on the construct of self-control as the act of imposing actions in order to regulate one’s behavior (Bandura, 1989; Vohs & Baumeister, 2004). Self-control can be described as the ability to impose intentional and productive actions in order to regulate one’s thoughts, emotions, and behavior (Bandura, 1989; Vohs & Baumeister, 2004). Within the psychological sciences self-control is often highly related and referred to the theory of self-regulation (Bandura, 1989; Vohs & Baumeister, 2004).
Secondly, I focus on the theoretical construct of self-concept. The construct of self-concept refers to how individuals think and perceive themselves (Pajares & Schunk, 2001; Rudasill et al., 2009; Strein, 1993). For the present study, the hierarchical model of self-concept will be applied. In the hierarchical model, individuals are asked to evaluate and describe themselves as individuals and to evaluate themselves in relation to specific areas within their lives such as social, academic, physical, and emotional domains (Pajares & Schunk, 2001). These domains come together to form a broader general self-concept, in which an individual perceives their overall abilities and identity as a whole (Pajares & Schunk, 2001; Strein, 1993). In the hierarchical model, general self-concept is an individual’s complete self-knowledge they hold regarding themselves (Pajares & Schunk, 2001). In this study I will
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