On Febuary 19th, 1942, Japanese forces launched two air raids on the city of Darwin. The attack was lead by the same commander who was responsible for the Pearl Harbour catastrophe, which occurred only 10 weeks earlier. The Japanese were planning to invade Timor, therefore they bombed Darwin in an effort to frighten Australia and its allies and prevent any of their forces leaving the country. Over 260 enemy planes attacked the city, destroying twenty military aircraft, eight ships and the majority of civil facilities, including the local hospital.
During World War Two, the Japanese flew 64 raids on Darwin and 33 raids on further targets in Northern Australia. On 19 February 1942, with a harbour full of Allied ships, Darwin was shot against by 188 Japanese planes. Since Pearl Harbour on 7 December 1941 this was the largest Japanese attack. In Darwin there were 27 Allied ships in the harbour and around 30 aircraft at the Darwin Civil and RAAF airfields. The first Japanese attack on Darwin occurred on the 19th of February 1942. This first attack (and the one that occurs the next day) was planned and controlled by Mitsuo Fuchida, who is the Japanese commander also responsible the Pearl Harbour attack. The Japanese attacked with around 188 planes that were launched from Japanese land bases and aircraft carriers in the Timor Sea. The Japanese fighters attacked land targets and shipping, dive bombers attacked the ships in the harbour, the military and civilian aerodromes and the hospital. Fighter planes accompanied the dive bombers for extra protection from Australian and allied planes. Eight Australian ships were sunk and nearly all others were ruined by bombs or machine gunfire. Australia’s only air defences were ten fighter planes that encountered the Japanese planes. Only one Australia fighter survived the first attack, while the Japanese only suffered one or two losses. An hour after the first attack ended, the second attack began. For about 25 minutes’ heavy bombers attacked the Royal Australian Air Force Base at Parap. A minimum of 243 Australians and allies were killed in the two raids and around 400 were wounded. Twenty military aircraft were destroyed, most civil and military facilities in Darwin were destroyed and eight ships at anchor in the harbour were sunk. (Australian Government ,
On February 19, 1942, Darwin was bombed by Japanese aircraft, wiping out military infrastructure and vehicles, as well as killing soldiers and civilians.
On the 19th of February 1942 188 Japanese fighters that were issued with one mission to bomb Darwin with as many casualties as they could possible get, over 300 bombs were dropped on the people and buildings of Darwin. Some of the short term effects of the bombings were, eight navy ships being destroyed that were docked in the harbour, there
On the morning of the 19th of February 1942 a large number of Japanese fighter planes and bombers infiltrated the shores of Darwin. Australia was left exposed and unprepared as the majority of Australian soldiers were fighting overseas. The Japanese hoped to remove Australia from the war and deny America the use of the Australian airfield (The Awkward Truth, 2012). The Japanese also planned to invade Timor and hoped the air raid on Darwin would hinder an allied counter-offensive, while also damaging Australian morale. (INTEX, DATE). The community of Darwin was left shattered with more than half the population having fled interstate. The news of the bombs was highly down played by the Australian Government and many Australians lived in fear
Well Lisa, on February 19th 1942 at the main streets of Darwin, the Japanese army launched an enormous air raid on Darwin. 188 planes, 36 A6M Zero fighters, 71 D3A "Val" dive bombers, and 81 B5N "Kate"
The Japanese attack on Darwin on the 19th February 1942, did not happen by chance but from the work of a major contributing factor leading to various consequences and eventually cementing the event as a significant one.
The Japanese forces appeared to be invincible, and this worsened by them attacking the Australian mainland with the bombing of Darwin and northern Australia, and the submarine attacks in Sydney Harbor.
When the Japanese attack Darwin on the 19th February 1942, they had the intention of causing a catastrophic impact on Australia but little did they know that the event, which become a significant one because of the causes that led up to the attack and the consequences that followed right after.
Charles Darwin began his scientific breakthroughs and upcoming theories when he began an expedition trip to the Galapagos Islands of South America. While studying there, he discovered that each island had its own type of plant and animal species. Although these plants and animals were similar in appearance, they had other characteristics that made them differ from one another and seem to not appear as similar. Darwin questioned why these plants and animals were on these islands and why they are different in ways.
Charles Darwin's theory of evolution centres on the idea that species compete to survive, and favorable characteristics are passed on from one generation to the next. Darwin said that evolution took place by a process of natural selection or survival of the fittest. This meant that the animals and plants best suited to their surroundings survived and were able to pass on their genes to their offspring. The ones that weren't best suited died off and didn't get the chance to reproduce.
In the essay The Descent Of Man by Charles Darwin excerpted from his book The Origin Of Species (1871), he tries to describe evolution through the natural selection of accumulated favorable variations in an organism that in time form new species within which the fact that man is descended from a lower-organized life form is prescribed to, by giving evidence of similarities of the characters of man which determine embryonic development, bodily structure, sexual selection, cerebral system with those of lower-life forms and in which he evidently succeeds and it is evident that man is not a separate art of creation and is descended of a common progenitor like all other mammals and though questions can be raised against his theory in terms of
Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection is a theory that is and has been widely accepted for many years. The reason for this widespread acceptance is the many strengths that Darwin’s theory has. However, even though this is true, Darwin's theory has a few weaknesses. Darwin, although close, did not paint a full realistic picture of evolution with his theory.
Before the theory of evolution was a widespread theory in the world of science, Greek and Roman philosophers had their own theories about how life came to its present state and where it was going from there. One theory at the time was that all organisms are reflections of a “perfect” form and were coming closer to it all the time, although this was the less accepted theory even though it was closer to the truth proven hundreds of years after, while another was that all things were simply places on Earth in their present form, common to modern day Creationism. Even after this, Darwin was not the first to try explain evolution, he just provided convincing proof and published his ideas. The publishing of Darwin’s Theory of Evolution was