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A Summary Of The Human Female Reproductive Structure

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Chapter 47
1. Part 1) Describe either human male or the human female reproductive structures and their functions.
Part 2) Define the hormones involved and the events that take place during the human female menstrual cycle.

The human female reproductive systems function is for human reproduction which is made up of internal and external sex organs. The human female reproductive system includes the breasts, vagina, vulva, fallopian tubes, ovaries, uterus, and mammary glands. Each of these organs play a unique part in the production and transportation of gametes and the production of the sex hormones. The process that the human female reproductive system undergoes to carry out the role in the process of pregnancy and birth is sexual maturation. Let’s start with the ovaries. The ovaries are a pair of small glands the size and shape of grapes that are located on the left and right sides of the pelvic body cavity lateral to the superior potion of the uterus (The ovaries are highlighted in the image above). The ovaries have three main functions. The first function is that they shelter and protect the eggs until they are ready for use. Second, the ovaries produce female sex hormones called estrogen and progesterone. It also produces lesser hormones called Relaxin and Inhibin. There are three different types of estrogen. They are called estrone, estriol, and estradiol. Estrogen are hormones that are important for sexual reproductive development. It controls the development of
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