A Summary On Parkinson 's Disease

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In 1817, James Parkinson first described a disease, later to be known as Parkinson’s Disease (PD) as a; neurodegenerative disorder affecting the physical, psychological, social, and functional status of individuals (Parkinson Society Canada Staff, 1965). In the time since the disease was first described, the frequency of individuals affected with the disease has increased, with no single cause yet to be identified as the culprit for the onset of the disease. According to the Parkinson’s society Society of Canada, approximately one hundred thousand Canadians live with this debilitating disease (Parkinson Society Canada Staff, 1965). Not only has no successful cure for Parkinson’s been developed, there has yet to be any diagnostic tools developed that prove any suredefinite diagnosis (Parkinson Society Canada Staff, 1965). To this point, Parkinson’s is a disease that continues to impact a higher percentage of the population each year, with no true hope being given to those that struggle with the impairment. The purpose of this paper is to provide a summary of our knowledge on PD to date, describing the physiology behind the deficits that PD is responsible for, the known causes and risk factors, the signs and symptoms, and finally any known treatments that help to reduce the impairments of PD.

The origin of the impairments of PD disease start in the basal ganglia, the basal ganglia in laymen terms would be defined as the basic cluster of nuclei, located
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