A Systematic Theory Of Population Theory

1611 WordsMar 17, 20167 Pages
According to the Economic Thought textbook the summary of Malthus Population Theory deals with the misery and poverty among the lower classes of every nations. Thomas Robert Malthus was the first economist to propose a systematic theory of population. He states that a population when unchecked leads to population grow exponentially (i.e., doubling with each cycle) while food production grows at an arithmetic rate (i.e. by the repeated addition of a uniform increment in each uniform interval of time). Therefore, he mentions that there are two categories in which the increased population should abide by in order to support the operation on population growth. These includes: preventive that deals with moral constraints and “positive” checks. Moreover, the preventive checks to population growth are those that reduce the birth rate, which is seen as a deliberate decision by men to refrain from “pursing dictate of nature in an early attachment to one woman", i.e. to marry later in life than had been usual and only at a stage when fully capable of supporting a family. However, this implies that Malthus was interested in maintaining a large, hard-working, poorly paid population than he was in establishing really effective measures of limiting human reproduction. Another notion is positive checks is any causes that contributes to the shortening of human lifespans. It includes: poor living and working conditions which might give rise to low resistance to disease, as well as more
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