A Theory Based Evaluation of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

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ASSIGNMENT: ‘A theory based evaluation of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy’ The purpose of this essay is to provide a theory based evaluation of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). The first part of this essay will concentrate on defining CBT including a brief description of its derived history and the therapies that have contributed to its development. I will then move on to review the tools used in the four step process of CBT (assessment, formulation, intervention and evaluation). I will also incorporate how my learning of theoretical concepts relates to my work based practice. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a psychotherapeutic approach that aims to solve problems concerning with dysfunctional emotions, behaviours and…show more content…
Once these profiles have been formulated, therapist and client engage in a collaborative, empirical process to test out these thoughts and beliefs and their accompanying emotions and behaviours to promote enduring therapeutic change’ (Wills, 2006, p11). In other works, Cognitive Therapy aims to help the client overcome difficulties by identifying and changing dysfunctional/distorted thinking, behaviour and emotional responses. This involves developing skills to change beliefs and behaviour, recognise distorted thinking and to relate to others in different ways. (McGuire 2000). Beck’s work was strongly influenced by Ellis’ Rational Emotive Therapy (later known as Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy). The philosophic origins of Ellis’ therapy go back to the Stoic philosophers (Epictetus & Marcus Aurelius) for example, Epictetus wrote ‘Men are disturbed not by things, but by the view which they take of them’ (cited in Westbrook et al, 2011, p5)’. Cognitive Therapy is an educative therapy which aims to teach the client to be their own therapist. By doing this, it can teach the client to identify, evaluate and respond to their distorted thoughts and beliefs. It aims to be time limited and its sessions are structured. This type of therapy has been very effective for a lot of clients particularly with those suffering with depression.
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