A Theory Of Justice By John Rawls

781 Words4 Pages
Communitarianism is a philosophy that emphasizes the connection between the individual and the community cite needed. Although the community might be a family unit, communitarianism usually is understood, in the wider, philosophical sense, as a collection of interactions, among a community of people in a given place cite needed. Modern-day communitarianism began in the upper reaches of Anglo-American academia in the form of a critical reaction to John Rawls ' landmark 1971 book A Theory of Justice (Rawls 1971). Drawing primarily upon the insights of Aristotle and Hegel, political philosophers such as Alasdair MacIntyre, Michael Sandel, Charles Taylor and Michael Walzer disputed Rawls ' assumption that the principal task of government is to secure and distribute fairly the liberties and economic resources individuals need to lead freely chosen lives (Bell, 2001). Health Care and Ethics Health care professionals practice in an environment that is complex. There are many regulations, laws and standards of practice that healthcare workers must abide by. An ethical issue can occur when a doctor performs an abortion that is legal but may not be considered ethical by other health care professionals or members of the public at large. Other ethical dilemmas arise at the end of life, when a decision must be made to turn off life-support machines and allow death to occur (Greenwood, 2015). There are more ethical issues that a health care professional might face on an
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