A Theory Of Justice By Rawls

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In Rawls’ book titled A Theory of Justice, Rawls aims to develop a theory of justice that brings new ideas and concepts to the traditional doctrines of philosophy. Rawls’ theory, justice as fairness, wishes to take the ideas of traditional social contract theories to a higher level of abstraction. His theory is thoroughly explained through a pre-societal position called the original position, the notion of the veil of ignorance, and the two principles of justice. Rawls starts out by describing the role of justice in a social cooperation and the basic structure of a society. Justice is said to be the first virtue of social institutions like the way truth is for a belief. Just as theories are rejected or revised if it’s not true, laws and institutions must be improved or abolished if it’s unjust regardless of how well arranged and efficient they may appear. Every individual is too important to be ignored with disrespect and all of us possess something that secures us from violation in justice that even the well being of society cannot influence it. Thus, justice cannot treat a small group of people unfairly for a greater good shared by a larger group. In a just society, political bargaining or social interests do not influence secured rights. The only time an injustice is accepted is when it’s used to prevent even greater injustice. Justice cannot be compromised. A society is created as a “cooperative venture of mutual advantage” and it is characterized by the identity and

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