A Virtue Epistemology By Ernest Sosa

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Ernest Sosa was born in Cuba in 1940. He received his MA and BA at the University of Miami and his PhD at the University of Pittsburg. While at Brown University, he would visit Rutgers regularly until he began working there full-time in 2007. He became known as one of the leading epistemologists while working at Rutgers. Epistemology is the study of knowledge and justified belief.1 In 1991 he wrote the book Knowledge in Perspective and in 2007 he wrote A Virtue Epistemology. In both books he differentiates between animal knowledge and reflective knowledge. It defends virtue epistemology called "virtue perspectivism". This is also known as the doctrine of reality. It is an individual’s perspective of reality at any given time. In his book, A Virtue Epistemology, he provides the first comprehensive account of his views on epistemic normal way of doing things on two levels. On the first level of normativity, success manifests the performer 's competence. On the second level normativity reflects good judgment required for proper risk assessment. Sosa develops this bi-level account in multiple ways: epistemic agency, how knowledge is normatively related to action, the knowledge norm of assertion, and how knowledge exceeds merely true belief. As a leader in epistemology, Sosa 's reputation in this field could not rise any higher. In 2010 he received the Nicholas Rescher Prize for his contributions to systematic philosophy. He made an effort to justify a consistent preference

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