These are the automatically computed results of your exam. Grades for essay questions, and comments from your instructor, are in the "Details" section below.
1 h , 25 min , 26 secs
73 / 75 (97.3%)
$15,000 Instructor Explanation:
Rule: Passive activity is any activity in which the taxpayer does not materially participate. A net passive activity loss generally may not be deducted against other types of income (e.g., wages, other ordinary or active income, portfolio income (interest and dividends), or capital gains). In other words, passive losses may generally only offset passive income for a tax year-the remaining net loss is generally "suspended" and carried forward to a year when it may be used to offset passive income (or when the final disposition of the property occurs). However, there is an exception (the "mom and pop exception," as we refer to it in the textbooks) to this general rule. Taxpayers who own more than 10% of the rental activity, have modified AGI under $100,000, and have active participation (managing the property qualifies), may deduct up to $25,000 annually of net passive losses attributable to real estate. There is a phase-out provision for modified AGI from $100,000 − $150,000, and the deduction is completely phased-out for modified AGI in excess of $150,000.
Choice "d" is correct. Per the above rule, unless an exception exists (and it does not in this case, as Lane's modified adjusted gross income is in excess of $150,000), passive losses may only offset passive income for a tax year (i.e., no "net loss"