HIV/AIDS: A global health system Rita K. Asiedu Rutgers University Abstract Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS is a pandemic problem affecting global health. At the end of 2015, 36.7 million people were living with HIV/AIDS globally. The rate of incidence is more prevalent in Sub-Saharan Africa with almost 1 in every 24 adults living with HIV/AIDS. In the united states, HIV/AIDS is a diversified health problem affecting all sexes, ages and races and involving the transmission of multiple risk behavior. However, with the introduction of various prevention programs and antiretroviral drugs, the incidence of HIV/AIDS has reduced.
Teenage Pregnancy in America Teen pregnancy is a growing epidemic in the United States. Teen girls are becoming pregnant at an alarming rate, with a lot of the pregnancies planned. With television shows broadcasting shows such as “16 and Pregnant” and “Teen Mom”, it is giving teenage girls the
HIV and AIDS have had a great impacted throughout varies countries. As an illness with no none cure, it is essential to promote prevention among those at risk. Thailand’s “No Condom, NO sex: The 100% Condom program” was successful at greatly reducing the cases of new HIV infection cases (Levine, 2007, p.10). Thailand’s program has the advantage to serve as a building block to many other countries experiencing high levels of HIV/AIDS infection, but is limited due to
When it came to differing views between western beliefs and the native point of view, one of the bigger problems was the conflict about contraception and stopping the spread of HIV and AIDS. Southern Africa, were the Dobe Ju’/hoansi subside, has one of the highest rates of HIV/AIDS in the world. “[T] he world U/N. figures for June 2000 show a seropositive rate among adults of 19.54 percent in Namibia, 19.94 percent in South Africa, and a staggering 35.8 percent in Botswana (Lee 2003: 190).” Because of the epidemic the life expectancy in the area has also drastically dropped. Western medical professionals have made clear to most communities that condoms are the most effective protection from HIV/AIDs. Because of this many western clinics and organizations in Africa distribute condoms to the local people. Regardless of the
Resubmission of Unit 1 DB2 Qualitative Methods Introduction In today’s world we seem to put aside things that we consider no longer a threat. Well we are wrong to do this, because HIV/AIDS still affects over 5.4 million people that are walking around with this infection or full blown AIDS. They are friends, Criminals, neighbors, and even children attending school, etc. So, why do we think it is ok to not worry about a problem that does not have a cure, but only a life time of meds? Within this qualitative research method, we will explore Sexual risk, there or the Measures, Sexual risk, method, demographics, HIV/AIDS risk and may add other areas as they relate to this study.
One of the major topics correlated with adolescents is the increase in sexual activity among adolescents (Miller & More, 1990). The dramatic increase in sexual intercourse among members of the United States, mostly homosexual men, lead to one of the worst epidemics in history, the AIDS
(African Americans) raise concerns within the field of Public Health and should be addressed and treated within each community. African Americans are a minority population in the United States and disproportionally account for an estimated 44% of all new HIV infections among adults and youth as of 2010 1. Arizona has approximately 260,000 African American inhabitants, who represent about 4 percent of the population, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.2 Roughly 602 out of 100,000 African Americans in Arizona had HIV or AIDS as of 2009. 2 HIV/AIDS is the 6th leading cause of death for A.A. males and tenth leading cause of death in A.A. females.3 The leading mode of transmission for HIV infection in African American men is homosexual sex as well as drug use, while for African American women it is heterosexual transmission. 6 Individuals will often fear the shame and discrimination that they will have to face if they walk into a clinic to ask to be tested, so some individuals come will completely avoid it and continue to unknowingly spread the virus to others.3 Factors that contribute to the high rates of HIV/AIDS in A.A. are poverty, lack of access to healthcare, lack of awareness, paid sex as well as residential segregation.6 All of the health disparities mentioned are associated with the results in high rates of
Armaine D. Arenal / BSA – I CWTS (LOO5) ------------------------------------------------- REACTION PAPER “HIV / AIDS” I. Title: HIV / AIDS Date: December 10, 2011 Name of speaker: Darius Umande II. Overview of the topic As I have learned from my past lessons in high school and elementary, HIV which stands for human immunodeficiency virus is a kind of virus, specifically lentivirus, that causes the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome better known as AIDS. As what our high school teacher taught us, HIV can be transmitted commonly from person to person by having an unsafe sexual intercourse with an infected person whether anal, oral or vaginal sex, through blood transfusions from the contaminated needles, and the
number one method to prevent STDs, many on the adolescents in this study “perceived sex as normal and abstinence as unlikely” (Akers, A., et al., 2012, p. 92).
The Soroptimist International of the Americas published a white paper on Women and the HIV/AIDS crisis that layouts not just a percentage of the elements that make ladies powerless against the illness, additionally the results they confront in the event that they or a relative get to be tainted and
After reading Meeker’s (2004) book and reflection upon Meeker’s psychologically, spiritually, and medically concepts regarding the sexual health of our teenagers, I found Meeker’s concepts and information regarding teenagers sexual health to be, important, concrete, and truthful, which in turns is very resourceful in helping any authority figures who reads this book to be able to understand the severe realities that are teens are facing. As I read Meeker’s (2007) concepts regarding the silent epidemic of Sexually Transmitted diseases among our teenagers, one of the first thing that I wanted to learn more about current statistical rates of Sexually Transmitted Diseases in teenagers. According to Meeker (2007), our teenagers made up about
Even after 30 years for some the stigma attached to HIV and AIDS often can lead to those who suffer from the illness as being second class citizens. The idea that those who have HIV brought upon themselves through “bad behaviors” can result in some people not seeking help or when they do they wait until the disease has progressed. However, the center for disease control considers HIV to be a focal point in the Dominican Republic, and one of the major concerns is how health officials can lower the number of new cases the country sees each year. One must understand that the rise of deaths from AIDS-related complex can mean an increase in mortality across the board creating a domino effect within the health system. Therefore education and awareness could change the health narrative by using preemptive measures. Also, those who are tested regularly and seek help quickly are those who are most likely to live full long lives.
To address the communication problem, we must understand that there have been many alternative names that human-beings have given to HIV/AIDS and the amount of information and knowledge of the sexually transmitted disease has gone into overload since the huge epidemic, primarily during the twentieth century. This overload of information has caused many to disregard the issues and as an ending result caused many to focus on the issue and factors associated with HIV/AIDS as much as many once did in the past. Although HIV/AIDS no longer dominate the headlines, we must wonder are health professionals and AID advocates still giving out all the clear signs because it is apparent that HIV/AIDS are still a danger to society.
Sexual education teaches adolescents about the use of birth control, their bodies, STD’s, and pregnancy. Due to the awareness of sexual education, adolescents are more careful about sexual intercourse. The pregnancy rate has reached the lowest in modern era between 1990-2010. It declined to 51% pregnancies per 1000 females ages 14-19 to 57.4%. This is the lowest recorded since 1973. Sexual education was not offered in schools until 1983 and many people had close to no knowledge about the options. Even though teens today are aware of their options today, they do not take proper precautions.
In the last three decades HIV/ AIDS has become the one of the most notorious and widely spread diseases in the modern world. Its discovery in the late seventies prompted worldwide concern. The one thing that has become the most bothersome thing about the HIV/ AIDS epidemic is prevention. Prevention or stopping the transmission of the diseases is hindered by factors such as: denial or non-acceptance by infected persons, unsafe sex, and non-disclosure by infected persons to their at risk sexual partner(s). According to Alghazo, Upton, and Cioe (2011):