AP Bio Osmosis and Diffusion lab

2614 WordsFeb 12, 201411 Pages
Diffusion and Osmosis Lab Introduction: 1) The relationship between the rate of diffusion, volume and surface area is that the surface area of a subject somewhat correlates with the volume of the object. When the surface area and volume are set up as a ratio, this gives a good idea as to how fast the rate of diffusion will be. The higher surface area to volume ratio, the faster the rate of diffusion. This is because then there is more surfaces to diffuse through and there materials to diffuse, the rate of diffusion is a lot faster. Conversely, when there is a smaller surface area for more molecules to diffuse through, the rate of diffusion will be lower. 2) A few different dialysis tubes, which are semi permeable, will represent a…show more content…
The higher the water potential in one location compared to another location, will cause the water and molecules to move from the high potential to the low water potential. Lab Design Control: The cell and its extracellular environment Independent Variable: The cell and its volume, surface area, and the water potential of the internal cell and its environment Dependant Variable: The effects rate of diffusion/and or osmosis Repeated Trials: In procedure one, we tested diffusion on different sized cell models (gelatin with various volume and surface area wise). In procedure two, we tested cell models in different internal environments and similar external environments to find the effects on rate of osmosis. In procedure three, we used potato cells in different concentrated sucrose environments to test the effects on water potential on cells and osmosis. Conclusion: 1. The relationship between rate of diffusion/ osmosis, volume, and surface area can be easily seen and analyzed through the data that was collected from procedure one: Surface Area and Cell Size. Phenolphthalein is a dye-material in this lab that was used to determine whether a substance was an acid or base. This could be told as the phenolphthalein changed into a murky. Muddled and clouded color when mixed with acids. When the chemical aid was mixed in with a base, the color

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