President Franklin D. Roosevelt, the thirty-second president of the United States, was a central figure for the United States in the 20th Century. While leading his country out of The Great Depression, he also led the nation through World War II. Herbert Hoover, the thirty-first President, led the country during the Great Depression and his policies enforced at that time eventually led to his downfall because of their inability to end the downward economic spiral. Both of these Presidents greatly contributed to the nation by using different policies and tactics that classified them as either liberal or conservative. Although there are some exceptions because of the acts passed by Hoover, the characterizations of President D.…show more content… As a humanitarian, he gave much of his money to charity, encouraging the same from other Americans. One of his exceptions of being strictly conservative was in his public works programs. These programs were made to improve government properties, the most famous being the Hoover Dam. Although he showed a bit of a liberal side by improving government and participating in government programs, he still displayed many more conservative features than liberal.
While President Hoover favored less government action in the fight against the Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt was the complete opposite. After defeating Hoover in the 1932 presidential election, Roosevelt coined the phrase “Happy Days Are Here Again” because he planned on bettering the economy through experimentation with various new programs, or the New Deal programs (Doc H). These programs that originated during the Hundred Days possessed three main focuses: relief, recovery, and reform. These government-involving programs proved that Roosevelt was more on the side of liberals than conservatives. Roosevelt also created National Works Administration, creating labor laws that recognized unions and set up Social Security which conservatives opposed. Also in the Glass-Steagall Banking Reform Act, which limited commercial bank securities activities and affiliations between commercial banks and securities firms, Roosevelt