ATI Assignment

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Pharmacology made easy was the third required ATI assignment. ATI defined the word pharmacology as the study of drugs and their effect on the human body. A medicine’s therapeutic effect is stated to be it’s good outcome and the side effects are the negative results from it. There are twelve drug categories divided according to the human’s body system. These are neurological, musculoskeletal, respiratory, endocrine, pain/inflammation, cardiovascular, hematologic, gastrointestinal, reproductive and urinary, and the immune drug category. Medicines in the same category may share the same therapeutic and side effects. Additionally to the above information, this unit explained that there are trade and generic names of drugs. Trade name is the commercial…show more content…
Topical drugs such as patches, ointment, and cream are applied directly on the skin and can be absorbed fast or with a delayed action. The term pharmacokinetics is the study of the movement of the drug in the human’s body. This includes the site of absorption (movement of drug from entry to tissue), how it is distributed (movement in the circulatory system to intended destination), how it is metabolized (break down in the liver), and excretion (elimination from the body). This unit also described the term half-life, which is how long the human body takes to break down a drug, absorb and excrete it and short half-life, which are medications excreted by the body quicker than long half-life drugs. The term pharmacodynamics is any of the changes in the patient’s body resulting from the medicine taken. It is highly important for the patient to know of the used drug’s side effects (unintended effects), adverse effects (unintended effects that can be harmful), and any possibilities of allergic reactions (most severe adverse response of a…show more content…
Moreover, patients may be advised to remove several foods from their diet because of possible side effects that the combinantion of food-drug might have. In summary, the caregiver should inform the patient the drug’s brand and generic names, its purpose, administration routes, potential side effects, and specific precautions to take prior administration of the drug. The patient should show understanding of the taught material back to the caregiver as a summary or
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