Abdominal Pain Research Paper

Decent Essays
The possible causes of abdominal pain are multiple. It is important to differentiate because some causes can quickly become life threatening. Yet not only are there many, many causes of abdominal pain in the abdomen; in addition, there are abdominal problems that cause referred pain elsewhere in the body (commonly colic; and blood or infection irritating the diaphragm commonly causes shoulder pain), and there are problems elsewhere in the body that cause pain in the abdomen. While a 20-year-old man is more likely to have an acute condition (such as infection) causing abdominal pain and a 50-year-old man is more likely to have a chronic condition (such as IBD) causing his abdominal pain, we cannot have a hard and fast rule because of age.…show more content…
Also ask if it was sudden, rate the severity, ask if it radiates to other parts of the body, any other symptoms (such as vomiting). As far as history, ask about events leading up to the pain, if abdominal pain has occurred before and under what circumstances, what if anything has been tried to relieve the pain and if it wroked. One common possibility to keep prominently in mind for a 50-year-old man is that a myocardial infarction can present as abdominal…show more content…
Peritonitis (inflammation of the peritoneum) can result from many causes, but itself causes the influx of fluid into the peritoneum, resulting in severe dehydration and electrolyte imbalances, leading to respiratory distress, kidney failure, liver failure, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and death within days of onset. Laboratory and imaging tests are often not helpful, so can be done last, to make the final differential diagnosis from the limited set of possibilities we are able to determine after a complete history and physical. Normal lab results can occur even with significant disease, and abnormal lab results can occur even with mild disease and may not be specific enough to be diagnostic. An exception would be serum lipase, which would indicate acute pancreatitis. CT scans are usually the most useful when there is significant abdominal pain, but in emergency cases, the patient should probably proceed to surgery rather than wait for imaging results. The high number of diagnoses to be ruled out in a patient presenting with abdominal pain make them impossible to cover in a short paper. The reader is encouraged to refer to the figure in the reference below regarding differential diagnoses based on the location of the pain, a copy of which could be printed out and kept on hand as a diagnostic aid in the clinical
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