Abnormal Behavior Essays

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Abnormal behavior was once viewed as an embarrassment to society. Those who suffered from a mental illness or displayed abnormal behavior were locked away and never spoken of. Today abnormal behavior is viewed much differently. With the study of psychology and the help of the medical field, abnormal behavior has become better understood. This essay will discuss the major theories for the cause of abnormal behavior, how abnormal behavior is diagnosed and what type of behavioral issues are related to abnormal behavior. Abnormal behavior is defined as a psychological dysfunction within an individual associated with distress or impairment in functioning and response that is not typical or culturally expected (Durand, 2005). There are…show more content…
It appears, however, that one single gene is not solely responsible for a particular behavior. Instead it seems to take many genes that are combined together to produce both functional and dysfunctional behaviors. The second perspective is the psychodynamic perspective. The psychodynamic perspective emphasizes how the role of early childhood experiences, the unconscious mind and interpersonal relationships play a part in abnormal behavior. This perspective evolved from Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytical theory which generally contended that psychological disorders are the outcome of anxiety which is produced by unresolved, unconscious conflicts. The third perspective is the behavioral perspective. The basis of the behavioral perspective suggests that all behaviors are learned. This perspective was developed partially because some psychologists did not agree with Freud’s ideas. Many of these psychologists believed that Freud’s theory could be explained much more simplistically. This is why the behavioral perspective asserts that “human beings behave according to the dictates of their environment” (Sarason & Sarason, 2005). Another perspective is the cognitive perspective. This perspective is similar to the psychodynamic perspective because it is also concerned with the internal processes. The cognitive perspective examines
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