Abnormal Psychology-Unipolar and Bipolar Depression Essay

1046 Words Nov 23rd, 2011 5 Pages
Abnormal Psychology | Unipolar and Bipolar Depression | Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment |

Shawn M Best

Identifying the causes of unipolar and bipolar depression can be a complicated task because there are no known exact causes, just theories. These theories include chemical and hormonal imbalances within the brain, a misfiring of ion activity, and inherited genetics or biological abnormalities (Comer, 2005).

Individuals who suffer with unipolar depression, which is the ordinary template of mood disorders, experience only the depression side of the disorder. Women are twice as probable to encounter unipolar depression then men. Depression symptoms stretch across five features of human functioning such as
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Behaviorally, individuals experience diminished productivity, activity, move and speak slower, and would rather be in bed and alone for long periods (Kraines & Thatford, 1972, p. 21, cited by Comer, 2005).

In accordance with biological views, minimal operation of neurotransmitters called serotonin and norepinephrine, are agents of depression. Hormonal elements may also be involved, and the biological issues mentioned could be combined with genetic factors. Efficacious biological management for unipolar depression are electroconvulsive therapy (ECI) and antidepressant drugs such as MAO inhibitors, tricyclics, and second generation antidepressants (Comer, 2005).

The psychodynamic aspect holds the belief that particular individual’s who experience authentic or conceived losses could backslide to earlier phases of development, melding with the individual he or she lost, and finally becoming dejected. Psychodynamic therapists assist individuals with unipolar depression by helping him or her identify, and clarify, his or her losses, and stratospheric reliance on other people (Comer, 2005).

The behavioral aspect explains that when individuals endure a diminished amount of positive rewards throughout life, he or she may become depressed. Behavioral therapists teach patients to reestablishes activities that he or she once found pleasing and gratifying, effective social skills, and to reward
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