Abnormality Definition Essay

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Abnormality can be defined in several different aspects... According to the English Oxford living dictionary (2017) abnormality as ‘’ Deviating from what is normal or usual, typically in a way that is undesirable or worrying. However, there are several ways of defining abnormality including: failing to function adequately, deviation from social norms; statistical infrequency; deviation of ideal mental health.

When somebody isn’t coping with the demands and activities of everyday life, they are deemed to be failing to function adequately. Daily activities include: regularly showering, communicating with people, maintaining a job. According to Rosenhan and Seligman (1989) cited by McLeod, S. A. (2014) some characteristics of this
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However, this definition does distinguish between positive and negative behavior which is lacking in the definition of statistical infrequency... Cardwell,M. and Flanagan, C.(2015,pp.98-99)

Statistical infrequency is used by incorporating mathematics into the definition. It uses human attributes against normal distribution within the population, using this information there is a mean and this is what is perceived as being normal. Standard deviation measures how far scores are from the mean. For example, if someone was to have an IQ two or more deviation below or above the average they would be seen as abnormal.
When comparing this approach to metal health, it’s hard to indefinitely say that being deviations away from the average indicates abnormality. This is implied by McManus, S., Meltzer, H., Brugha, T. S., Bebbington, P. E., & Jenkins, R. (2009) that state that one in four people will have a problem with mental health a year. Due to this being within two deviations, it doesn’t technically make them abnormal. Moreover, due to it being mathematical it makes it quite clear and unambiguous on what abnormal is and removes any bias. Willard,E(2015).

Marie Jahoda(1958) cited by Cook,S(2011), questioned why we define physical health with abscence why we can’t do this with mental health... Jahoda conducted a criteria that would show good mental health, this included:
• Self attitudes: Having a great deal
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