Abolition Of The Fugitive Slave Act

865 Words Apr 12th, 2016 4 Pages
Increase in slavery (1830s)- Cultivation of cash crops thrived in the South causing a higher demand for slaves to provide a work force.
Prigg v. Pennsylvania (1842)- Court ruling declaring that the state did not have to enforce the return of runaway slaves. Edward Prigg, an agent of Margaret Ashmore a slave owner from Maryland, on a mission to find Ashmore 's escaped slave Margaret Morgan in Pennsylvania. Ashmore did not have proper documentation to prove her ownership of Morgan and her two children, the state did not permit the return of Morgan to Ashmore. (Personal Liberty laws)
Ableman v. Booth (1854)- Sherman Booth was arrested for aiding a fugitive slave in violation of the Fugitive Slave Act. Wisconsin court ordered for the release of Booth and declared the Fugitive Slave Act unconstitutional.
Southern “Fire Eaters” (1850s)- a radical group of pro-slavery Southerners who sought the reopening of international slave trade, which had been illegal since (1808)
Underground Railroad- Reached it’s height in the 1950-60s, with the help of abolitionists, slaves escaped across state lines to free states Compromise of 1850- five bills passed under the Congress. The division of land gained from the Mexican-American War, this was seen as the “New Fugitive Slave Act”. California was admitted as a free state, creation of Utah and New Mexico territories with the use of popular sovereignty to decide whether the territories were admitted as slave or free states, Texas-New Mexico state…
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