Abolition of Slave Trade

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The main reasons for the abolition of the slave trade

The trading and exportation of slaves has been a large part if Britain’s history since the early 15th century and the British Empire had been partly founded on the basis of exchanging slaves for goods and foreign products. 400 years after the slave trade began and people were finally realising how morally wrong the exchanging of humans actually was and on March 3, 1807, President Thomas Jefferson signed into act a bill approved by Congress the day before “to prohibit the importation of slaves into any port or place within the jurisdiction of the United States.” Three weeks later, on the 25th, the British House of Lords passed an Act for the Abolition of The Slave Trade. But why was
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Wilberforce, over a period of years and amidst much opposition, fought to have slavery abolished by presenting a number of bills to the British Parliament. He was a Member of the House of Commons and Wilberforce was, as an MP, in a position to bring the matter before the House. Sir Charles Middleton, Thomas Clarkson, William Pitt and William Grenville all gave Wilberforce impetus to bring the Quakers and Anglicans together to campaign against the trade in slaves, focusing on the trade rather than against slavery was felt an achievable step toward total abolition and, due to Britain 's naval pre-eminence would affect all slaving nations.

Print of the slave ship ‘Brookes’ printed by the Quaker printer James Phillips. Showing sections of the ship and the inhumane way in which slaves were stowed
Print of the slave ship ‘Brookes’ printed by the Quaker printer James Phillips. Showing sections of the ship and the inhumane way in which slaves were stowed

Religious factors also played a pivotal role in the abolition of the slave trade. Christian groups such as the Quakers and Anglicans had been campaigning against slavery for a number of years. Before the eighteenth century, very few white men questioned the morality of slavery. The Quakers and Anglicans were among these few. The doctrines of their religion declared an issue such as slavery to be unjust. By 1775, the Quakers founded the first American anti-slavery group. Through the 1700s,
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